John 6:24-35; Bread from Heaven; (8-2-15)
Are you crazy for cheese curls?
Passionate about popcorn?
Nuts about nuts?
What you snack on says a lot about who you are.
Alan Hirsch is the neurological director of the Smell and Taste Treatment and Research Foundation in Chicago.
He had 800 volunteers take personality tests and then asked them to name their favorite snacks.
The results, reported in the journal Alternative Medicine (May 2007), were astounding.
People who share a personality type choose the same snack 95
percent of the time.
Lovers of cheese curls have a high sense of morals and ethics.
People with a passion for popcorn are the take-charge type.
Folks who are nutty for nuts are even-tempered, easy to get along with and highly empathetic.
While this link might sound like a stretch, Hirsch says it makes
perfect sense — biologically. “Food preferences reside in the olfactory lobe,”
he says, “the same part of the brain where the personality resides.”
You are what you munch.
Last week we posed the question “What are you hungry for?”
This week we suggest that too often, what we’re hungry for isn’t
good for us.
Jesus runs into some serious snack lovers in the text we’re studying.
As the story begins, a large crowd is following him because of the signs that he’s doing for the sick (John 6:2).
He feeds this crowd of 5,000 with five barley loaves and two fish,
and then he withdraws to a mountain because “they were about to come and take
him by force to make him king” (v. 15).
That evening, the disciples set out for the town of Capernaum by boat, and Jesus catches up with them by walking on the water.
The next day, the crowd follows him to Capernaum, and Jesus says, “Very truly, I tell you, you are looking for me, not because you saw signs, but because you ate your fill of the loaves” (v. 26).
In other words, “You have the munchies.”
So what does this particular craving say about the people of the crowd?
They’re enthusiasts — people whose basic desire is to be satisfied and content, to have their needs met.
Afraid of being deprived, they
want more than anything to maintain their happiness, avoid missing out on
worthwhile experiences and keep themselves excited and occupied.
Enthusiasts look for Jesus — why?
Because they ate their fill of the
But there’s a problem with this personality type.
“Do not work for the food that perishes,” warns Jesus, “but for the food that endures for eternal life, which the Son of Man will give you” (v. 27).
The barley loaves that Jesus used to feed the 5,000 are “food that perishes,” and he tells the people that they shouldn’t focus their enthusiasm on this kind of bread.
Instead, they should work for the food
that endures for eternal life.
This verse captures the reason that Jesus has such mixed feelings about performing amazing miracles.
Any loaves that he multiplies are going to be eaten, and then the people will still be hungry the next day.
Any water that he turns into wine is going to be consumed, and then the wedding guests will still want more.
Any paralytic that he heals is going to become old and then become crippled again.
Any dead child that he raises to new
life is going to grow up and then die of natural causes.
Miracles are tricky because they make a big impression and then disappear. They don’t last forever.
Jesus doesn’t want us to feast on a steady diet of miracles because these amazing works don’t provide complete nutrition in themselves.
They’re the cheese curls, popcorn and
potato chips of Christian living — a tasty snack for someone who already has
faith, but not a life-changing meal for a nonbeliever.
It’s true — you can look it up. A little later in the same gospel, the Jewish opponents of Jesus are preparing to stone him.
“I have shown you many good works from the Father,” says Jesus. “For which of these are you going to stone me?”
His opponents answer, “It is not for a
good work that we are going to stone you, but for blasphemy, because you,
though only a human being, are making yourself God” (10:31-33).
No collection of miracles, all by itself, is going to turn a hater of Jesus into a disciple.
This is why Jesus turns the attention of the enthusiastic crowd from miraculous munchies to “the food that endures for eternal life.”
Work for this food, says Jesus, the food “which the Son of Man will give you.”
Then the hungry people ask, “What must we do to perform the works of God?”
And Jesus answers, “This is the work of
God, that you believe in him whom he has sent” (6:27-29).
This is the work of God — that you believe in Jesus, whom God has sent.
Believe in Jesus.
Jesus is the bread from heaven (vs. 32)
Jesus is the bread of God (v. 33).
Jesus is the bread of life (v. 35).
That’s good eating.
The problem is, Jesus can be difficult to swallow.
We gag on his hard sayings and tough
teachings. “Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, bless those who
curse you, pray for those who abuse you” (Luke 6:27-28).
Jesus can stick in our throats, no doubt about it.
He would be so much easier to digest if he said, “Love your friends, do good to those who like you, bless those who compliment you, pray for those who help you.”
Yes, if Jesus said these things, he
would be feeding us spiritual candy bars, doughnuts and french fries — food
that isn’t bad in moderation but can hurt us if we overeat it.
And Jesus certainly doesn’t let us snack on the tasty morsels of sin that are always sitting so deliciously in front of us.
He won’t let us say, “Well, I’ll taste a
little revenge, just this once,” or “I’ll have a helping of unfaithfulness, but
just a spoonful” or “I’ll have some of that irresistible gossip-mongering, just
a mouthful, but no more.”
To all of this, Jesus says, “No. Put down the spoon and walk away.”
In an ethical and moral Christian life, some of this stuff we want to feast on is just bad for us.
It will cripple us or even kill us. And
Jesus knows it.
Jesus wants to feed us the good stuff, the food that endures for eternal life.
So how do we become better eaters?
The people of the crowd say to Jesus,
“What sign are you going to give us then, so that we may see it and believe
you?” (v. 30). They fail to see that Jesus has already given them a sign of his
power and glory by multiplying the loaves and fishes. Instead, they review the
history of God’s work in their lives by saying, “Our ancestors ate the manna in
the wilderness; as it is written, ‘He gave them bread from heaven to eat’” (v.
Jesus cannot believe that they’re missing the good food that’s standing right in front of them.
He shakes his head and says, “I tell
you, it was not Moses who gave you the bread from heaven, but it is my Father
who gives you the true bread from heaven. For the bread of God is that which
comes down from heaven and gives life to the world” (vv. 32-33).
I’m the bread of God, says Jesus. The good stuff.
Part of a perfectly balanced spiritual diet that gives new and everlasting life.
Yes, the law was given through Moses, just like the manna that was given to the people of Israel in the wilderness.
But now grace and truth are coming
through Jesus Christ, the bread of God.
Slowly, slowly, the lights begin to come on.
The people are starting to get it, so
they say, “Sir, give us this bread always” (v. 34).
We shouldn’t be surprised at this.
It’s always a challenge to improve eating habits — to turn away from spiritual junk food and turn toward the food that endures for eternal life.
Jesus invites us to refocus our
attention and see him as “the true bread from heaven” (v. 32), the one who
comes down from heaven to give life to the world. He also invites us to believe
in him and trust him to fill us with his grace and his truth.
Seeing and believing. These are the actions that enable us to connect with Jesus in the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper, when we come to the table to eat the meal that he has prepared.
We see the bread that is broken for us, an outward and visible sign of Jesus’ inward, invisible grace.
We believe that Jesus is present with us,
offering his grace and his truth, his forgiveness and his strength.
This is the good stuff. The food that endures for eternal life.
If we’ve been given a warning about bad food today, then we need to hear some words of encouragement and instruction about good food as well.
Jesus says to us: “I am the bread of life whoever comes to me will never be hungry, and whoever believes in me will never be thirsty” (v. 35).